Department of Science and Mathematics
The Department of Science and Mathematics functions to provide biology, chemistry, natural science, physics and mathematics courses that introduce students to the tremendous complexity and diversity found in all living things and to the elements of the physical world in which they live.
The department seeks to provide students with the opportunity to acquire the mathematical knowledge and reasoning skills necessary for their chosen field of study. The department also exists to prepare students for participation in professional programs of study, including health sciences, research and education. It also strives to enhance each student’s appreciation for God’s wisdom in His works of creation and to inform students of humanity’s relationship with creation, including the need for the responsible stewardship of natural resources.
Mission Statement
Rochester College cultivates academic excellence, principled character, servant leadership and global awareness through a rigorous educational experience that integrates liberal arts and professional studies within an inclusive Christian heritage
Career Opportunities
 Education, medicine, pharmacy, veterinary science, engineering, environmental biology, environmental science and other scientific fields.
 Business, government service, industry and teaching.
 Continue studies with graduate work in such fields as computer science, economics, mathematics or statistics.
Bachelor of Science (BS) Options:  Minors 
 Minors may be combined with any academic major.

 Dr. David Brackney, Associate Professor of Physical Science, Dean of the School of Natural and Behavioral Sciences and Chair, Department of Science and Mathematics
 Dr. Michael Muhitch, Associate Professor of Chemistry
 Gary Turner, Assistant Professor of Mathematics
 Vivian E. Turner, Assistant Professor of Science and Mathematics
The GEO Natural Science Field Study provides an opportunity to fulfill a general education lab/science class requirement in an experiential, handson manner. In 2015, students will visit points of interest in Colorado and Utah. The “classroom” will include: Great Sand Dunes National Park, Canyonlands National Park, Rocky Mountain National Park, as well as many other amazing places.
BIO—Biology
BIO 1014 Biological Science I with Lab
Cellular structure and function, cell division and reproduction, genetics, metabolism and development. Primarily for beginning majors. Course fee.
BIO 1024 Biological Science II with Lab
Plant and animal anatomy and physiology, ecology and evolution. Course fee.
BIO 1114 Introduction to Biological Science with Lab
An overview of current topics in cellular and organismal biology, including laboratory techniques and research methods. For nonscience majors. Course fee.
BIO 1124 Zoology
Major phyla of the animal kingdom, including the basic principles of comparative anatomy, physiology, morphology, behavior and ecology. Course fee.
BIO 2011 Introduction to Human Anatomy and Physiology Lab
A lab to accompany BIO 2013. CR: BIO 2013. Course fee.
BIO 2013 Introduction to Human Anatomy and Physiology
A nonlaboratory study of the functioning of the human body with an emphasis on the interaction of organs and systems. Discussion of disease prevention and health also included. Credit cannot be given for BIO 2013 and BIO 2114 or 2124.
BIO 2114 Human Anatomy and Physiology I
Structure and function of the muscular, skeletal, nervous, and endocrine systems and how they work together to support the human body. Supplementary topics include cell biology and histology. Course fee.
BIO 2124 Human Anatomy and Physiology II
Structure and function of the circulatory, lymph, respiratory, digestive, urinary and reproductive systems. Supplementary topics include electrolyte, acid/base and fluid balance. Course fee. PR: BIO 2114.
BIO 2224 Introductory Botany and Zoology
Introductory anatomy, physiology, taxonomy and ecology for the major phyla of the plant and animal kingdoms. Course fee.
BIO 2313 Nutrition
Principles of nutrition, metabolism, food values and dietary requirements for healthy body maintenance and growth.
BIO 3114 Botany
Advanced topics in plant biology, including cell structure, anatomy, physiology, metabolism and ecology. Course fee. PR: BIO 1024 or BIO 2224.
BIO 3213 General Ecology
Basic ecological concepts with labs covering experimental designs and research methods used to study and interpret data. Biomes, community interactions, population dynamics, energy and material flow.
BIO 3324 Microbiology
Fundamental concepts of microbiology with emphasis on the morphology and physiology of microorganisms. Includes applications of microbiology in medicine, food preparation and industry. PR: Grade of C or higher in
BIO 1014 or BIO 1124 or PI. Course fee.
BIO 3414 Genetics
Structure and function of DNA, genes, gene expression, inheritance patterns, prokaryote and eukaryote chromosome structure, and modern gene technology. Laboratory includes classic and molecular exercises in genetics. Course fee. PR: BIO 1014.
CHECHEMISTRY
CHE 1314 Introduction to Chemistry I
Atomic structure, bonding and quantitative principles in chemistry. Acids, bases, solutions and chemical reactions. Includes a laboratory component. PR/CR: MAT 1103 or 1203, or ACT 21+.
CHE 1324 Introduction to chemistry II
Classes, properties and reactions of organic compounds. Structure, function and metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins, lipids and nucleic acids. Includes a laboratory component. PR: CHE 1314.
CHE 1514 College chemistry I
Theory and quantitative principles of chemistry:
Stoichiometry, atomic and molecular structure, gas law, thermochemistry and solutions. Includes a laboratory component. PR/CR: MAT 1334 or MAT ACT of 24 or above. Course fee.
CHE 1524 College Chemistry II
Continuation of CHE 1514. Includes equilibria, precipitation reactions in aqueous solutions, kinetics, acids and bases, oxidationreduction reactions, coordination compounds, nuclear chemistry, and a brief introduction to organic chemistry. Includes a laboratory component. PR: Grade of C or better in CHE 1514 and MAT 1334 or above. Course fee.
CHE 2514 Organic Chemistry I
Structure, reactions, mechanism and synthesis in the field of organic chemistry. Includes a laboratory component. PR: CHE 1524. Course fee.
CHE 2524 Organic Chemistry II
Continuation of CHE 2514. Reactions of aliphatic and aromatic compounds. Reaction mechanisms, multistep syntheses, heterocyclic compounds, amino acids, proteins, carbohydrates and nucleic acids. Includes a laboratory component. PR: CHE 2514. Course fee.
CHE 3514 Biochemistry I
Structure and function of proteins, carbohydrates and lipids. Enzyme mechanisms, kinetics and regulation. Bioenergetics and catabolism. Includes a laboratory component. PR: CHE 2514. Course fee.
MAT–MATHEMATICS
MAT 0103 PreAlgebra
Designed to help students make the transition from arithmetic to algebra and to demonstrate the relevancy of mathematics in everyday life and in the workplace. Includes arithmetic of whole numbers, integers, fractions and decimals; solving simple equations and development of problemsolving skills; ratios, proportions and percent; graphs and geometry applications; introduction to exponents, polynomials and factoring. Does not count toward graduation. Required if Math ACT is 15 or below.
MAT 1003 Beginning Algebra
Reviews properties of real numbers and arithmetic; algebraic properties; linear equations and inequalities; graphing linear equations, functions and inequalities; equations of lines; 2?2 systems of linear equations and inequalities; exponents and polynomials; factoring; introduction to quadratic equations and functions; and applications. May include an introduction to rational expressions and functions. As of Fall 2007, does not count toward graduation. Required if Math ACT is 21 or below.
MAT1103 Intermediate Algebra
Continuation of MAT 1003. Rational expressions, equations and functions; absolute value equations and inequalities; 2?2 and 3?3 systems of linear equations; radical expressions and equation; complex numbers; quadratic equations and inequalities; graphing quadratic equations; quadratic and rational inequalities; graphing linear, absolute value, quadratic, squareroot and cubic functions; algebra of functions; inverse functions; introduction to logarithmic and exponential functions; and applications. PR: Minimum Math ACT of 22 or minimum grade of C in MAT 1003.
MAT 1203 Survey of Mathematics
Overview of the essence of mathematics and its applications for the nonscience, nonmathematics student. Emphasis placed on the development of critical thinking skills, reasoning abilities and problem solving skills. Topics may include, but are not limited to, sets, algebra, geometry, consumer math, linear equations, systems of equations, formulas and application problems. PR (for traditional only): ACT of 22 or C or above in MAT 1003.
MAT 1312 Trigonometry
Trigonometric functions of angles and real numbers; right triangle trigonometry; law of sines; law ofcosines; trigonometric graphs and identities; inverse trigonometric functions; and applications. PR: Math ACT of 25 or above, or grade of C or better in MAT 1103.
MAT 1322 College Algebra
Equations; inequalities; relations; functions; graphs of functions; composite functions; inverse functions; polynomial and rational functions; exponential and logarithmic functions; systems of equations; Gaussian elimination; partial fractions; and applications. May include sequences, summation notation, geometric series or mathematical induction. PR: Math ACT of 25 or above, or grade of C or better in MAT 1103.
MAT 1334 PreCalculus
Combines various topics of MAT 1312 and MAT 1322 into one course. PR: Math ACT of 25 or above, or minimum grade of C in MAT 1103.
MAT 2213 Math for Elementary Teachers I
Number sense and numeration, whole number operations, fractions, decimals, computational algorithms, patterns, relations, functions and informal algebra. Emphasizes content with references to NCTM standards, MDE benchmarks, and materials and strategies appropriate to teaching elementary school mathematics. Satisfies General Education requirement for students seeking elementary certification. PR: Grade C or better in MAT 1003 or Math ACT of 22 or above.
MAT 2223 Math for Elementary Teachers II
Properties of two and threedimensional geometric figures, similarity and congruence, common and metric measurement, introductory statistics and probability. Emphasizes content with references to NCTM standards, MDE benchmarks, and materials and strategies appropriate to teaching elementary school mathematics. Satisfies General Education requirement for students seeking elementary certification. PR: Grade C or better in MAT 1003, or Math ACT of 22 or above.
MAT 2233 Finite Mathematics
Straight lines and linear functions; systems of linear equations and matrices; GaussJordan elimination; linear programming and the simplex method; sets and counting; probability; mathematics of finance; and an introduction to difference equations and graph theory. PR: Math ACT of 24 or above, or grade of C or better in MAT 1003.
MAT 2413 Elementary Statistics
Descriptive statistics; introductory probability; probability distributions; binomial and normal distributions; estimation; hypothesis testing; linear regression and correlation; and applications. May include goodnessoffit tests; statistical process control; or nonparametric statistics. PR: Minimum Math ACT of 22 or minimum grade of C in MAT 1003, or MAT 1203.
MAT 2514 Calculus and Analytic Geometry I
Limits and continuity; differentiation and applications; integration and area; calculus of transcendental functions; and introduction to applications of integration. May include an introduction to differential equations. PR: Minimum Math ACT of 28 and sufficient high school preparation, or a minimum grade of C in MAT 1334.
MAT 2524 Calculus and Analytic Geometry II
Continues MAT 2514. Applications of integration; differential equations; techniques of integration; L’Hopital’s rule; improper integrals; infinite series; conics; parametric equations; and polar coordinates. May include an introduction to vectors and the geometry of space. PR: Minimum grade of C in MAT 2514.
MAT 3212 Technology in Mathematics Education
Focus on the use and integration of instructional technology in the K12 mathematics curriculum. Education candidates explore the concepts of how to best utilize technologies in math to help students achieve, think critically, and prepare for the world outside of school. Handson experience using Internet resources, webbased applications and instructional software that explore and analyze data and connect numerical, symbolic and geometric representations.
MAT 3303 Modern Algebra
Concepts of groups, rings, integral domains and fields, and abstract reasoning. PR: MAT 2524.
MAT 3333 Algebraic, Proportional, and Mathematical Reasoning
Development of algebraic and proportional reasoning as well as an examination of reasoning and proof through logic, conjecture, argument and formal proof. Also entails an examination of the relationships between the aforementioned concepts. Emphasis is placed on problemsolving strategies and concept development. PR: MAT 2213 and 2223.
MAT 3343 Geometry for Elementary Teachers
Examination of two and threedimensional geometric objects using different representational systems, transformations and symmetry, and problem solving involving geometry. Includes technology and manipulatives for the geometry classroom. PR: MAT 2223.
MAT 3534 Calculus and Analytic Geometry III
Continues MAT 2524. Vectors and the geometry of space; vectorvalued functions; functions of several variables; and multiple integration. May include an introduction to vector analysis. PR: C or better in MAT 2524.
MAT 3614 Linear Algebra
Systems of linear equations, matrices, and determinants; linear combinations and linear independence; vector spaces; linear transformations; eigenvalues and eigenvectors; inner product spaces; and applications. May include linear programming. PR: Minimum grade of C in MAT 2524. Recommended PR: MAT 3534.
MAT 3624 Differential Equations
Firstorder ordinary differential equations; linear differential equations of higherorder; differential equations with variable coefficients; power series solutions; Laplace transforms; and applications. May include an introduction to systems of linear firstorder differential equations and numerical methods for ordinary differential equations. PR: Minimum grade of C in MAT 2524.
MAT 4653 College Geometry
Euclidean, hyperbolic, spherical, finite, fractal and taxicab geometries, including applications to real life situations, use of multiple geometry software programs, and some pedagogy for secondary mathematics education students. PR: MAT 2524.
MAT 4952/4962 Senior Math Seminar
The history of mathematics as well as issues involved in mathematics education. Includes curriculum, standards and the professional mathematics teaching community, as well as an examination of the roles of both women and minorities in mathematics. This course concentrates on the development of a scientific paper in the field of mathematics. PR: Senior status.
NSC–NATURAL SCIENCE
NSC 1003/1004 Earth Science
Includes Earth’s composition, internal and external processes, plate tectonics, map reading and interpretation, geologic structures, history of astronomy, the solar system, classification and formation of stars and galaxies, and cosmology. NSC 1004 includes a lab component. Course fee. NSC 1003 is offered for accelerated programs only.
NSC 1013 Environmental Science
Current environmental issues that contribute to understanding humanity’s responsibility for the earth’s resources. Includes the study of acid rain, greenhouse effect and toxic waste. Offered for accelerated programs only.
NSC 2204 Natural Science Field Study
Various geological, environmental, conservation and climate topics are explored in a field study experience. Specific topics covered depend on the locations visited. Counts as a lab course. Travel fee variable.
NSC 2314 Science Foundations I
Chemistry and Life Science. Designed for elementary teachers. Atoms, molecules and matter; plants, animal life, genetics, the food cycle, changes in digestion and ecosystems. Three hours lecture and three hours lab weekly. PR: Math ACT of 22+ or MAT 1003. Course fee.
NSC 2324 Science Foundations II
Astronomy, Earth Science and Physics. Basic science concepts primarily for preservice elementary teachers. Solar system, earth’s structure, and the laws and forces which govern earth and the universe as a whole. Three hours lecture and three hours lab weekly. PR: Math ACT of 22+ or MAT 1003. Course fee.
NSC 3114 Earth’s Waters
Range of human understanding and interaction with water from seas, streams, lakes, groundwater, glaciers, precipitation and the atmosphere. Emphasizes man’s impact on water as a resource. Includes laboratory component. Course fee. PR: BIO 1014 and CHE 1524.
NSC 4612 Senior Seminar
Conduction of a scientific research project in consultation with a sciencefaculty adviser. Includes design, data collection, identifying and manipulating variables, organization and analysis of data, evaluation and communication. Required for graduation. Taken in the final six hours of the program. PR: PI.
NSC 2901/2902/2903/2904 Topics in Science
Presentation of paper or project. Four credits maximum. PR:PI
NSC 4901/4902/4903/4904 Topics in Science
Presentation of paper or project. Four credits maximum.
PR: PI.
PHS–PHYSICS
PHS 2014 General Physics I
Fundamentals of mechanics, thermodynamics and sound. Lab includes experiments with motion, mechanics, energy, thermodynamics, momentum, waves and sound. Course fee. CR/PR: MAT 1334.
PHS 2024 General Physics II
Magnetism, electricity, optics, light and atomic physics. Lab includes experiments with circuits, electricity, optics, Bohr Theory and magnetism. Course fee. PR: MAT 1334.
PHS 2002 Astronomy
History of astronomy, the solar system, classification and formation of stars, galaxies and cosmology. Includes laboratory and observational investigations.
Course fee.